Origin of capacity fading in nano-sized Co 3O 4 electrodes: Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy study

Jin Gu Kang, Young Dae Ko, Jae Gwan Park, Dong Wan Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

62 Citations (Scopus)


Transition metal oxides have been suggested as innovative, high-energy electrode materials for lithium-ion batteries because their electrochemical conversion reactions can transfer two to six electrons. However, nano-sized transition metal oxides, especially Co 3O 4, exhibit drastic capacity decay during discharge/charge cycling, which hinders their practical use in lithium-ion batteries. Herein, we prepared nano-sized Co 3O 4 with high crystallinity using a simple citrate-gel method and used electrochemical impedance spectroscopy method to examine the origin for the drastic capacity fading observed in the nano-sized Co 3O 4 anode system. During cycling, AC impedance responses were collected at the first discharged state and at every subsequent tenth discharged state until the 100th cycle. By examining the separable relaxation time of each electrochemical reaction and the goodness-of-fit results, a direct relation between the charge transfer process and cycling performance was clearly observed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)390-394
Number of pages5
JournalNanoscale Research Letters
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Oct
Externally publishedYes


  • Capacity fading
  • Charge transfer reaction
  • Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy
  • Li-ion batteries
  • Nano-sized Co O

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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