Orthorhombic-pseudocubic phase transition and piezoelectric properties of (Na0.5K0.5)(Nb1−xSbx)-SrZrO3 ceramics

Ku Tak Lee, Dae Hyeon Kim, Jong Seong Park, Tae Gon Lee, Sung Hoon Cho, Su Jin Park, Jong Yoon Kang, Sahn Nahm

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


0.96(Na0.5K0.5)(Nb1−xSbx)-0.04SrZrO3 ceramics with 0.0≤x≤0.06 were well sintered at 1060°C for 6 hours without a secondary phase. Orthorhombic-tetragonal transition temperature (TO -T) and Curie temperature (TC) decreased with the addition of Sb2O5. The decrease in TC was considerable compared to that in TO -T, and thus the tetragonal phase zone disappeared when x exceeded 0.03. Therefore, a broad peak for orthorhombic-pseudocubic transition as opposed to that for orthorhombic-tetragonal transition appeared at 115°C-78.2°C for specimens with 0.04≤x≤0.06. An orthorhombic structure was observed for specimens with x≤0.03. However, the polymorphic phase boundary structure containing orthorhombic and pseudocubic structures was formed for the specimens 0.04≤x≤0.06. Furthermore, a specimen with x=0.055 exhibited a large piezoelectric strain constant of 325 pC/N, indicating that the coexistence of orthorhombic and pseudocubic structures could improve the piezoelectric properties of (Na0.5K0.5)NbO3-based lead-free piezoelectric ceramics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4827-4835
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Oct


  • crystals/crystallization
  • electroceramics
  • materials/properties
  • piezoelectric
  • sinter/sintering

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry


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