Orthorhombic-pseudocubic phase transition and piezoelectric properties of (Na0.5K0.5)(Nb1-xSbx)-SrZrO3 ceramics

Ku Tak Lee, Dae Hyeon Kim, Jong Seong Park, Tae Gon Lee, Sung Hoon Cho, Su Jin Park, Jong Yoon Kang, Sahn Nahm

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

0.96(Na0.5K0.5)(Nb1-xSbx)-0.04SrZrO3 ceramics with 0.0≤x≤0.06 were well sintered at 1060°C for 6 hours without a secondary phase. Orthorhombic-tetragonal transition temperature (TO -T) and Curie temperature (TC) decreased with the addition of Sb2O5. The decrease in TC was considerable compared to that in TO -T, and thus the tetragonal phase zone disappeared when x exceeded 0.03. Therefore, a broad peak for orthorhombic-pseudocubic transition as opposed to that for orthorhombic-tetragonal transition appeared at 115°C-78.2°C for specimens with 0.04≤x≤0.06. An orthorhombic structure was observed for specimens with x≤0.03. However, the polymorphic phase boundary structure containing orthorhombic and pseudocubic structures was formed for the specimens 0.04≤x≤0.06. Furthermore, a specimen with x=0.055 exhibited a large piezoelectric strain constant of 325 pC/N, indicating that the coexistence of orthorhombic and pseudocubic structures could improve the piezoelectric properties of (Na0.5K0.5)NbO3-based lead-free piezoelectric ceramics.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2017

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Piezoelectric ceramics
Phase boundaries
Curie temperature
phase transition
ceramics
Superconducting transition temperature
Phase transitions
Lead
temperature
coexistence

Keywords

  • Crystals/crystallization
  • Electroceramics
  • Materials/properties
  • Piezoelectric
  • Sinter/sintering

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Orthorhombic-pseudocubic phase transition and piezoelectric properties of (Na0.5K0.5)(Nb1-xSbx)-SrZrO3 ceramics. / Lee, Ku Tak; Kim, Dae Hyeon; Park, Jong Seong; Lee, Tae Gon; Cho, Sung Hoon; Park, Su Jin; Kang, Jong Yoon; Nahm, Sahn.

In: Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lee, Ku Tak ; Kim, Dae Hyeon ; Park, Jong Seong ; Lee, Tae Gon ; Cho, Sung Hoon ; Park, Su Jin ; Kang, Jong Yoon ; Nahm, Sahn. / Orthorhombic-pseudocubic phase transition and piezoelectric properties of (Na0.5K0.5)(Nb1-xSbx)-SrZrO3 ceramics. In: Journal of the American Ceramic Society. 2017.
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abstract = "0.96(Na0.5K0.5)(Nb1-xSbx)-0.04SrZrO3 ceramics with 0.0≤x≤0.06 were well sintered at 1060°C for 6 hours without a secondary phase. Orthorhombic-tetragonal transition temperature (TO -T) and Curie temperature (TC) decreased with the addition of Sb2O5. The decrease in TC was considerable compared to that in TO -T, and thus the tetragonal phase zone disappeared when x exceeded 0.03. Therefore, a broad peak for orthorhombic-pseudocubic transition as opposed to that for orthorhombic-tetragonal transition appeared at 115°C-78.2°C for specimens with 0.04≤x≤0.06. An orthorhombic structure was observed for specimens with x≤0.03. However, the polymorphic phase boundary structure containing orthorhombic and pseudocubic structures was formed for the specimens 0.04≤x≤0.06. Furthermore, a specimen with x=0.055 exhibited a large piezoelectric strain constant of 325 pC/N, indicating that the coexistence of orthorhombic and pseudocubic structures could improve the piezoelectric properties of (Na0.5K0.5)NbO3-based lead-free piezoelectric ceramics.",
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AU - Kim, Dae Hyeon

AU - Park, Jong Seong

AU - Lee, Tae Gon

AU - Cho, Sung Hoon

AU - Park, Su Jin

AU - Kang, Jong Yoon

AU - Nahm, Sahn

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AB - 0.96(Na0.5K0.5)(Nb1-xSbx)-0.04SrZrO3 ceramics with 0.0≤x≤0.06 were well sintered at 1060°C for 6 hours without a secondary phase. Orthorhombic-tetragonal transition temperature (TO -T) and Curie temperature (TC) decreased with the addition of Sb2O5. The decrease in TC was considerable compared to that in TO -T, and thus the tetragonal phase zone disappeared when x exceeded 0.03. Therefore, a broad peak for orthorhombic-pseudocubic transition as opposed to that for orthorhombic-tetragonal transition appeared at 115°C-78.2°C for specimens with 0.04≤x≤0.06. An orthorhombic structure was observed for specimens with x≤0.03. However, the polymorphic phase boundary structure containing orthorhombic and pseudocubic structures was formed for the specimens 0.04≤x≤0.06. Furthermore, a specimen with x=0.055 exhibited a large piezoelectric strain constant of 325 pC/N, indicating that the coexistence of orthorhombic and pseudocubic structures could improve the piezoelectric properties of (Na0.5K0.5)NbO3-based lead-free piezoelectric ceramics.

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