The OsMYBR22 (same to OsRVE1), an R1type-MYB transcription factor belonging to the rice CCA1-like family, was upregulated under blue light condition, which enhanced the chlorophyll and carotenoid accumulation. The overexpression of OsMYBR22 in rice (Oryza sativa, L) led to everlasting green seeds and leaves of a darker green. Transgene expression patterns showed more concordance with chlorophyll than carotenoid profiles. The transcript levels of most genes related to chlorophyll biosynthesis and degradation examined were similarly repressed in the late maturing stages of seeds. It proposed that rice seeds have the feedback regulatory mechanism for chlorophyll biosynthesis and also implied that evergreen seed traits might be caused due to the inhibition of degradation rather than the promotion of biosynthesis for chlorophylls. Metabolomics revealed that OsMYBR22 overexpression largely and simultaneously enhanced the contents of nutritional and functional metabolites such as chlorophylls, carotenoids, amino acids including lysine and threonine, and amino acid derivatives including γ-aminobutyric acid, which are mostly biosynthesized in chloroplasts. Transmission electron microscopy anatomically demonstrated greener phenotypes with an increase in the number and thickness of chloroplasts in leaves and the structurally retentive chloroplasts in tubular and cross cells of the seed inner pericarp region. In conclusion, the molecular actions of OsMYBR22/OsRVE1 provided a new strategy for the biofortified rice variety, an “Evergreen Rice,” with high accumulation of chloroplast-localized metabolites in rice grains.
- Essential amino acids
- MYB-Related TF
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology