Clear cell chondrosarcoma is one of the extremely rare chondrosarcomas. The pathogenesis and the molecular genetic events, which contribute to the development of clear cell chondrosarcoma, are not well elucidated, due in part to the lack of sufficient tumor tissue available. To characterize the involvement of the p53 gene abnormality in this disease, we analyzed expression and sequence alteration of p53 by immunohistochemical analysis of the protein expression and quantitative DNA/PCR and PCR-SSCP assays of the gene in 28 paraffin-embedded tissue specimens. Immunohistochemical analysis demonstrated that 7 (25%) showed patchy positive nuclear staining for p53 and 5 (18%) showed diffuse positive nuclear staining patterns. Sixteen (57%) were negative for p53 immunostaining. Quantitative DNA/PCR analysis revealed that none of the cases we studied showed significantly reduced levels of p53 amplification (<0.50), strongly suggesting an allelic deletion of the p53 gene. In contrast, however, DNA/PCR-SSCP analysis failed to detect any types of mutations resulting in amino acid substitution within exons 5-9 regions of the gene. Taken together, our data suggest that genetic alteration of p53 is a relatively rare event in clear cell chondrosarcomas but a substantial fraction of this type of tumors carries abnormal overexpression of p53, which might result from an as yet unidentified mechanism(s).
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research