Overview of Harmony Search algorithm and its applications in Civil Engineering

Do Guen Yoo, Joong Hoon Kim, Zong Woo Geem

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Citations (Scopus)


Harmony Search (HS), a meta-heuristic algorithm, conceptualizes a musical process of searching for a perfect state of harmony (optimal solution). It allows a random search without initial values and removes the necessity for information of derivatives. Since the HS algorithm was first developed and published in 2001, it has been applied to various research areas and the world wide attention on it has rapidly increased. In this paper, applications of HS algorithm in Civil Engineering (CE) are to be overviewed. Articles in CE areas including water resources, structural, geotechnical, environmental, and traffic engineering are to be reviewed thoroughly. As a results, variety of application results show that HS can be effectively used as a tool for optimization problems in CE.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3-16
Number of pages14
JournalEvolutionary Intelligence
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Apr


  • Civil Engineering
  • Harmony Search algorithm
  • Literature review

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mathematics (miscellaneous)
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Artificial Intelligence


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