Oxidation-resistant metallized nanofibers as transparent conducting films and heaters

Seongpil An, Yong Il Kim, Hong Seok Jo, Min Woo Kim, Mark T. Swihart, Alexander Yarin, Suk Goo Yoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Transparent conducting films (TCFs) and transparent heaters (THs) are of interest for a wide variety of applications, from displays to window defrosters. Here, we demonstrate production of highly flexible, conducting, and transparent nickel (Ni) electrodes suitable for use not only in TCFs and THs but also in some other engineering applications. The merging of fibers at their intersections (i.e. self-junctioning) minimizes contact resistance in these films. The Ni electrodes exhibited a remarkably low sheet resistance of 0.73 Ω sq−1 at an optical transmittance of 93%. This low sheet resistance allows them to serve as low-voltage heaters, achieving a heating temperature of 373 °C at an applied voltage of 2 V. The innate corrosion resistance of Ni allows these electrodes to be used in air at temperatures exceeding 200 °C, and it is expected to help the electrodes to find wide use in a range of industrial applications requiring long-term electrode service. Furthermore, we fabricated perfectly core-shell-structured Cu/Ni electrodes, which exhibited both the excellent electrical properties of Cu and the high corrosion resistance of Ni.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)174-180
Number of pages7
JournalActa Materialia
Volume143
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan 15

Keywords

  • Core-shell copper/nickel-electroplated fiber
  • Electroplating
  • Electrospinning
  • Nickel-electroplated fiber
  • Transparent conducting film
  • Transparent heater

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Metals and Alloys

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