Oxide ionic conductivity and microstructures of Sm- or La-doped CeO2-based systems

Toshiyuki Mori, John Drennan, Jong Heun Lee, Ji Guang Li, Takayasu Ikegami

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172 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The concept of crystallographic index termed the effective index is suggested and applied to the design of ceria (CeO2)-based electrolytes to maximize oxide ionic conductivity. The suggested index considers the fluorite structure, and combines the expected oxygen vacancy level with the ionic radius mismatch between host and dopant cations. Using this approach, oxide ionic conductivity of Sm- or La-doped CeO2-based system has been optimized and tested under operating conditions of a solid oxide fuel cell. In the observation of microstructure in atomic scale, both Sm-doped CeO2 and La-doped CeO2 electrolytes had large micro-domains over 10 nm in the lattice. On the other hand, Sm or La and alkaline earth co-doped CeO2-based electrolytes with high effective index had small micro-domains around 1-3 nm in the microstructure. The large micro-domain would prevent oxide ion from passing through the lattice. Therefore, it is concluded that the improvement of ionic conductivity is reflected in changes of microstructure in atomic scale.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)461-466
Number of pages6
JournalSolid State Ionics
Volume154-155
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Dec 2
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Crystalline solids (61.66)
  • Ionic conduction solids (66.30.D)
  • Microstructure crystals (61.70)
  • Mixed conductivity (72.60)
  • Selected area electron diffraction pattern (61.14.L)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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