Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) increases the production of interleukin-12 (IL-12) from mouse macrophages via a κB site within the IL-12 p40 promoter. In this study, we found that oxidized low density lipoprotein (oxLDL) inhibited this LPS-stimulated production of IL-12 in a dose-dependent manner while native LDL did not. OxLDL inhibited p40 promoter activation in monocytic RAW264.7 cells transiently transfected with p40 promoter/reporter constructs, and the repressive effect mapped to a region in the p40 promoter containing a binding site for nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) (p40-κB). Activation of macrophages by LPS in the presence of ox-LDL resulted in markedly reduced binding to the κB site, as demonstrated by the electrophoretic mobility shift assays. In contrast, native LDL did not inhibit the IL-12 p40 promoter activation and NF-κB binding to the κB sites, suggesting that oxidative modification of LDL was crucial for the inhibition of NF-κB-mediated IL-12 production. 9-Hydroxyoctadecadienoic acid, a major oxidized lipid component of oxLDL, significantly inhibited IL-12 production in LPS-stimulated mouse macrophages and also suppressed NF-κB-mediated activation in IL-12 p40 promoter. The NF-κB components p50 and p65 directly bound peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPAR-γ) in vitro. In cotransfections of CV-1 and HeLa cells, PPAR-γ inhibited the NF-κB transactivation in an oxLDL-dependent manner. From these results, we propose that oxLDL-mediated suppression of the IL-12 production from LPS-activated mouse macrophages may, at least in part, involve both inhibition of the NF-κB-DNA interactions and physical interactions between NF-κB and PPAR-γ.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - 2000 Oct 20|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology