Oxygen-carrier selection and thermal analysis of the chemical-looping process for hydrogen production

Kyoung Soo Kang, Chang Hee Kim, Ki Kwang Bae, Won Chul Cho, Sung Hyun Kim, Chu Sik Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

106 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The three-reactor chemical-looping process (TRCL) for the production of hydrogen from natural gas is quite attractive for both CO2 capture and hydrogen production. The TRCL process consists of a fuel reactor, a steam reactor and an air reactor. In the fuel reactor, natural gas is oxidized to CO2 and H2O by the lattice oxygen of the oxygen carrier. In the steam reactor, the steam is reduced to hydrogen through oxidation of the reduced oxygen carrier. In the air reactor, the oxygen carrier is fully oxidized by air. In this process, the oxygen carrier is recirculated among the three reactors, which avoids direct contact between fuel, steam and air. In this study, various candidate materials were proposed for the oxygen carrier and support, and a thermal analysis of the process was performed. The oxygen carrier for the process must have the ability to split water into hydrogen in its reduced state, which is a different chemical property from that of the chemical-looping combustion medium. The selection of the oxygen carrier and support require careful consideration of their physical and chemical properties. Fe2O3, WO3 and CeO2 were selected as oxygen carriers. Thermal analysis indicated an expected hydrogen production of 2.64 mol H2 per mol CH4 under thermoneutral process conditions. The results indicated that hydrogen production was affected mainly by the steam-conversion rate. The solid-circulation rate and temperature drop in the fuel reactor were calculated for the selected oxygen carriers with different metal oxide contents and solid-conversion rates.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12246-12254
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume35
Issue number22
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Nov 1

Fingerprint

hydrogen production
Hydrogen production
Thermoanalysis
thermal analysis
Oxygen
oxygen
steam
Steam
reactors
nuclear fuels
chemical reactors
Chemical reactors
air
natural gas
Air
chemical properties
Hydrogen
Chemical properties
Natural gas
hydrogen

Keywords

  • Chemical looping
  • CO capture
  • Hydrogen
  • Methane
  • Oxygen carrier

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

Cite this

Oxygen-carrier selection and thermal analysis of the chemical-looping process for hydrogen production. / Kang, Kyoung Soo; Kim, Chang Hee; Bae, Ki Kwang; Cho, Won Chul; Kim, Sung Hyun; Park, Chu Sik.

In: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 35, No. 22, 01.11.2010, p. 12246-12254.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kang, Kyoung Soo ; Kim, Chang Hee ; Bae, Ki Kwang ; Cho, Won Chul ; Kim, Sung Hyun ; Park, Chu Sik. / Oxygen-carrier selection and thermal analysis of the chemical-looping process for hydrogen production. In: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy. 2010 ; Vol. 35, No. 22. pp. 12246-12254.
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AB - The three-reactor chemical-looping process (TRCL) for the production of hydrogen from natural gas is quite attractive for both CO2 capture and hydrogen production. The TRCL process consists of a fuel reactor, a steam reactor and an air reactor. In the fuel reactor, natural gas is oxidized to CO2 and H2O by the lattice oxygen of the oxygen carrier. In the steam reactor, the steam is reduced to hydrogen through oxidation of the reduced oxygen carrier. In the air reactor, the oxygen carrier is fully oxidized by air. In this process, the oxygen carrier is recirculated among the three reactors, which avoids direct contact between fuel, steam and air. In this study, various candidate materials were proposed for the oxygen carrier and support, and a thermal analysis of the process was performed. The oxygen carrier for the process must have the ability to split water into hydrogen in its reduced state, which is a different chemical property from that of the chemical-looping combustion medium. The selection of the oxygen carrier and support require careful consideration of their physical and chemical properties. Fe2O3, WO3 and CeO2 were selected as oxygen carriers. Thermal analysis indicated an expected hydrogen production of 2.64 mol H2 per mol CH4 under thermoneutral process conditions. The results indicated that hydrogen production was affected mainly by the steam-conversion rate. The solid-circulation rate and temperature drop in the fuel reactor were calculated for the selected oxygen carriers with different metal oxide contents and solid-conversion rates.

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