pn hetero-junction diode arrays were fabricated using specific direct techniques for the transfer of p-type single walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) and aligned n-type SnO 2 nanowires (NWs) onto a patterned substrate surface. Their electronic and optoelectronic properties were characterized. Perpendicular crossings of the p- and the n-channels with each other were confirmed by transfer characteristics with respect to the bottom gate. The resulting diode showed a good rectifying behavior with a rectification ratio of over 10 2 at ±5V, where the equivalent circuit model of a serially connected diode and resistor was used for analysis of the electrical properties. Both the forward and the reverse currents were observed to increase with the application of a positive gate bias, indicating an n-type gate dependence. Under a forward bias, the dominant contribution of the SnO 2 NW channel to the total resistance of the equivalent model is attributed to the n-type gate dependence since the resistance of the n-channel increased with a negative gate bias, resulting in the decrease of the forward current. Under a reverse bias, positive gate increased the concentration of valence electrons in the SWCNTs, enhancing direct tunneling to the conduction band of the SnO 2 NWs. High sensitivity to UV irradiation under the reverse bias was also demonstrated with a photosensitivity over 10 2, suggesting potential applicability of the hetero-junction diodes in optoelectronic devices.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering