Pan-Asia United States PrEvention of Sudden Cardiac Death Catheter Ablation Trial (PAUSE-SCD): rationale and study design

on behalf of the PAUSE-SCD investigators

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The role of catheter ablation as an adjunct and alternative to ICD implantation is not known in patients at risk for recurrent ventricular tachycardia (VT) and sudden cardiac death (SCD) across Asia. Patients with nonischemic etiologies of cardiomyopathy, which are highly prevalent in Asia, have not been previously enrolled in randomized trials of VT ablation. Objective: To evaluate whether preemptive catheter ablation in patients with monomorphic VT and an indication for ICD implantation results in improved clinical outcomes compared to ICD implantation with standard medical therapy alone. To examine the natural history of ablation outcomes in the absence of background ICD therapy in patients that refuse randomization. Methods: The PAUSE-SCD study (NCT02848781) is a prospective, multi-center, randomized controlled trial enrolling patients with structural heart disease (EF < 50%) with an indication for ICD implantation. Patients are randomized in a 1:1 fashion to two treatment arms: ICD with ablation and ICD with standard medical therapy alone. A prospective registry cohort was designed to follow the outcomes of patients who refuse ICD and randomization but elect to receive catheter ablation as primary therapy. The primary endpoint is defined as a composite of recurrent VT, cardiovascular rehospitalization, and death. Pre-specified secondary endpoints include each of the individual components of the primary endpoint in addition to comparison between randomized and registry patients. Conclusion: The PAUSE-SCD study is a prospective, multi-center, randomized, and controlled trial examining the impact of preemptive catheter ablation on cardiovascular outcomes in patients with an indication for ICD at risk for recurrent VT and SCD. It represents the first multi-center VT ablation study in Asia, with a design intended to provide insights into the role of both ICD and ablation therapy in a predominantly nonischemic population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)271-278
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology
Volume57
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Mar 1

Keywords

  • Catheter ablation
  • ICD implantation
  • Sudden cardiac death

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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