We show the quantum equivalence between certain symmetric space sine-Gordon models and the massive free fermions. In the massless limit, these fermions reduce to the free fermions introduced by Goddard, Nahm and Olive (GNO) in association with symmetric spaces K/G. A path integral formulation is given in terms of the Wess-Zumino-Witten action where the field variable g takes value in the orthogonal, unitary, and symplectic representations of the group G in the basis of the symmetric space. We show that, for example, such a path integral bosonization is possible when the symmetric spaces K/G are SU(N) × SU(N)/SU(N); N ≤ 3, Sp(2)/U(2) or SO(8)/U(4). We also address the relation between massive GNO fermions and the non-Abelian solitons, and explain the restriction imposed on the fermion mass matrix due to the integrability of the bosonic model.
- Conformal field theory
- Non-Abelian sine-Gordon theory
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics