The endocytosis-mediating performances of two types of peptide ligands, cell receptor binding peptide (CRBP) and cell membrane penetrating peptide (CMPP), were analyzed and compared using a common carrier of peptide ligands-human ferritin heavy chain (hFTH) nanoparticle. Twenty-four copies of a CMPP(human immunodeficiency virus-derived TAT peptide) and/or a CRBP (peptide ligand with strong and specific affinity for either human integrin(αvβ3) or epidermal growth factor receptor I (EGFR) that is overexpressed on various cancer cells) were genetically presented on the surface of each hFTH nanopariticle. The quantitative level of endocytosis and intracellular localization of fluorescence dye-labeled CRBP- and CMPP-presenting nanoparticles were estimated in the in vitro cultures of integrin- and EGFR-overexpressing cancer and human dermal fibroblast cells(control). From the cancer cell cultures treated with the CMPP- and CRBP-presenting nanoparticles, it was notable that CRBPs resulted in quantitatively higher level of endocytosis than CMPP (TAT) and successfully transported the nanoparticles to the cytosol of cancer cells depending on concentration and treatment period of time, whereas TAT-mediated endocytosis localized most of the nanoparticles within endosomal vesicles under the same conditions. These novel findings provide highly useful informations to many researchers both in academia and in industry who are interested in developing anticancer drug delivery systems/carriers.
- cancer cell membrane-penetrating peptide
- cancer cell receptor-binding peptide
- cancer targeting
- peptide ligand-mediated endocytosis
- protein nanoparticle carrier
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology