Background-The impact of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) on chronic total occlusion in patients with well-developed collaterals is not clear. Methods and Results-A total of 640 chronic total occlusion patients with collateral flow grade ≥2 were divided into 2 groups; chronic total occlusion patients either treated with PCI (the PCI group; n=305) or optimal medical therapy (the optimal medical therapy group; n=335). To adjust for potential confounders, a propensity score matching analysis was performed. Major clinical outcomes were compared between the 2 groups up to 5 years. In the entire population, the PCI group had a lower hazard of myocardial infarction (hazard ratio [HR], 0.177; P=0.039; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.03-0.91) and the composite of total death or myocardial infarction (HR, 0.298; P=0.017; 95% CI, 0.11-0.80); however, it showed higher hazard of target lesion revascularization (HR, 3.942; P=0.003; 95% CI, 1.58-9.81) and target vessel revascularization (HR, 4.218; P=0.001; 95% CI, 1.85- 9.60). After propensity score matching, a total of 158 matched pairs were generated. Although the PCI group showed a higher hazard of target lesion revascularization (HR, 2.868; P=0.027; 95% CI, 1.13-7.31) and target vessel revascularization (HR=2.62; P=0.022; 95% CI, 1.15-5.97), it still exhibited a lower incidence of the composite of total death or myocardial infarction (HR, 0.263; P=0.017; 95% CI, 0.087-0.790). The mean ejection fraction was improved from 47.8% to 51.6% (P < 0.001) after PCI. Conclusions-In our study, successful revascularization by PCI for chronic total occlusion lesions with well-developed collaterals was associated with lower incidence of death and myocardial infarction, improved left ventricular function, but increased repeat revascularization rate.
- Chronic total occlusion
- Collateral circulation
- Medical therapy
- Percutaneous coronary intervention
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine