Performance characteristics of a simultaneous cooling and heating multi-heat pump at partial load conditions

Youngju Joo, Hoon Kang, Jae Hwan Ahn, Mooyeon Lee, Yongchan Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)


A simultaneous cooling and heating multi-heat pump can improve thermal comfort and energy efficiency through heat recovery at partial load conditions. The performance of a simultaneous heating and cooling multi-heat pump with four indoor units was measured by varying the compressor speed, EEV opening, and fan speed at full and partial load conditions in five operating modes. In the cooling-only and heating-only modes, the heating and cooling capacities were properly controlled by varying the compressor speed. However, in the cooling-main and heating-main modes under partial load conditions, a large imbalance between the cooling and heating capacities was observed even though the compressor speed was optimized. This capacity imbalance under partial load conditions was optimized by adjusting the EEV openings in the mode change unit and the outdoor unit. In addition, in the entire-heat recovery mode, rating compressor speed ratios were proposed under the full and partial load conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)893-901
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Refrigeration
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Jun


  • Electronic expansion valve
  • Heat pump
  • Heat recovery
  • R410A
  • Variable speed

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical Engineering


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