In this study, the influence of drying conditions on amine (−NH3) functionalization of graphene oxide (GO) was evaluated, and the hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) adsorption efficiency of the prepared materials was compared. 3-[2-(2-aminoehtylamino) ethylamino]propyl-trimethoxysilane (3N) was used for amine functionalization. The synthesized materials were analyzed by SEM, BET, TGA, XPS, and EA. TGA results showed that the solution-GO (SGO) was functionalized by more 3N molecules than freeze-dried GO (FDGO) and oven-dried GO (ODGO). Additionally, XPS analysis also showed that the ratio of N/C and Si/C was relatively high in SGO than FDGO and ODGO. The maximum adsorption capacity of SGO, FDGO, and ODGO for Cr(VI) was 258.48, 212.46, and 173.45 mg g−1, respectively. These results indicate that it is better to use SGO without drying processes for efficient amine functionalization and Cr(VI) removal. However, when the drying process is required, freeze-drying is better than oven-drying.
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