Performance evaluation of a sub-millimeter spatial resolution PET detector module using a digital silicon photomultiplier coupled LGSO array

Hyun Tae Leem, Yong Choi, Kyu Bom Kim, Sangwon Lee, Seiichi Yamamoto, Jungyeol Yeom

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In positron emission tomography (PET) for breast, brain and small animal imaging, the spatial resolution of a PET detector is crucial to obtain high quality PET images. In this study, a PET detector for sub-millimeter spatial resolution imaging purpose was assembled using 4×4 pixels of a digital silicon photomultiplier (dSiPM, DPC-3200-22-44, Philips) coupled with a 15×15 LGSO array with BaSO 4 reflector, and a 1 mm thick acrylic light guide for light distribution between the dSiPM pixels. The active area of each dSiPM pixel was 3.2×3.9 mm 2 and the size of each LGSO scintillator element was 0.7×0.7×6 mm 3 . In this paper, we experimentally demonstrated the performance of the PET detector by measuring the energy resolution, 2D flood map, peak to valley (P/V) ratio, and coincidence resolving time (CRT). All measurements were performed at a temperature of 10±1 ℃. The average energy resolution was 15.6% (without correcting for saturation effects) at 511 keV and the best CRT was 242±5 ps. The 2D flood map obtained with an energy window of 400–600 keV demonstrated clear identification of all pixels, and the average P/V ratio of the X- and Y-directions were 7.31 and 7.81, respectively. This study demonstrated that the PET detector could be suitable for application in high resolution PET while achieving good timing resolution.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18-22
Number of pages5
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Volume846
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Feb 21

Fingerprint

Positron emission tomography
Photomultipliers
positrons
tomography
modules
spatial resolution
Detectors
Silicon
evaluation
detectors
silicon
Pixels
pixels
valleys
Imaging techniques
breast
Phosphors
scintillation counters
Acrylics
reflectors

Keywords

  • Digital SiPM
  • LGSO
  • Positron emission tomography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Instrumentation

Cite this

@article{a814da233ec749cfb0fca9afd7d1a8d1,
title = "Performance evaluation of a sub-millimeter spatial resolution PET detector module using a digital silicon photomultiplier coupled LGSO array",
abstract = "In positron emission tomography (PET) for breast, brain and small animal imaging, the spatial resolution of a PET detector is crucial to obtain high quality PET images. In this study, a PET detector for sub-millimeter spatial resolution imaging purpose was assembled using 4×4 pixels of a digital silicon photomultiplier (dSiPM, DPC-3200-22-44, Philips) coupled with a 15×15 LGSO array with BaSO 4 reflector, and a 1 mm thick acrylic light guide for light distribution between the dSiPM pixels. The active area of each dSiPM pixel was 3.2×3.9 mm 2 and the size of each LGSO scintillator element was 0.7×0.7×6 mm 3 . In this paper, we experimentally demonstrated the performance of the PET detector by measuring the energy resolution, 2D flood map, peak to valley (P/V) ratio, and coincidence resolving time (CRT). All measurements were performed at a temperature of 10±1 ℃. The average energy resolution was 15.6{\%} (without correcting for saturation effects) at 511 keV and the best CRT was 242±5 ps. The 2D flood map obtained with an energy window of 400–600 keV demonstrated clear identification of all pixels, and the average P/V ratio of the X- and Y-directions were 7.31 and 7.81, respectively. This study demonstrated that the PET detector could be suitable for application in high resolution PET while achieving good timing resolution.",
keywords = "Digital SiPM, LGSO, Positron emission tomography",
author = "Leem, {Hyun Tae} and Yong Choi and Kim, {Kyu Bom} and Sangwon Lee and Seiichi Yamamoto and Jungyeol Yeom",
year = "2017",
month = "2",
day = "21",
doi = "10.1016/j.nima.2016.11.060",
language = "English",
volume = "846",
pages = "18--22",
journal = "Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment",
issn = "0168-9002",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Performance evaluation of a sub-millimeter spatial resolution PET detector module using a digital silicon photomultiplier coupled LGSO array

AU - Leem, Hyun Tae

AU - Choi, Yong

AU - Kim, Kyu Bom

AU - Lee, Sangwon

AU - Yamamoto, Seiichi

AU - Yeom, Jungyeol

PY - 2017/2/21

Y1 - 2017/2/21

N2 - In positron emission tomography (PET) for breast, brain and small animal imaging, the spatial resolution of a PET detector is crucial to obtain high quality PET images. In this study, a PET detector for sub-millimeter spatial resolution imaging purpose was assembled using 4×4 pixels of a digital silicon photomultiplier (dSiPM, DPC-3200-22-44, Philips) coupled with a 15×15 LGSO array with BaSO 4 reflector, and a 1 mm thick acrylic light guide for light distribution between the dSiPM pixels. The active area of each dSiPM pixel was 3.2×3.9 mm 2 and the size of each LGSO scintillator element was 0.7×0.7×6 mm 3 . In this paper, we experimentally demonstrated the performance of the PET detector by measuring the energy resolution, 2D flood map, peak to valley (P/V) ratio, and coincidence resolving time (CRT). All measurements were performed at a temperature of 10±1 ℃. The average energy resolution was 15.6% (without correcting for saturation effects) at 511 keV and the best CRT was 242±5 ps. The 2D flood map obtained with an energy window of 400–600 keV demonstrated clear identification of all pixels, and the average P/V ratio of the X- and Y-directions were 7.31 and 7.81, respectively. This study demonstrated that the PET detector could be suitable for application in high resolution PET while achieving good timing resolution.

AB - In positron emission tomography (PET) for breast, brain and small animal imaging, the spatial resolution of a PET detector is crucial to obtain high quality PET images. In this study, a PET detector for sub-millimeter spatial resolution imaging purpose was assembled using 4×4 pixels of a digital silicon photomultiplier (dSiPM, DPC-3200-22-44, Philips) coupled with a 15×15 LGSO array with BaSO 4 reflector, and a 1 mm thick acrylic light guide for light distribution between the dSiPM pixels. The active area of each dSiPM pixel was 3.2×3.9 mm 2 and the size of each LGSO scintillator element was 0.7×0.7×6 mm 3 . In this paper, we experimentally demonstrated the performance of the PET detector by measuring the energy resolution, 2D flood map, peak to valley (P/V) ratio, and coincidence resolving time (CRT). All measurements were performed at a temperature of 10±1 ℃. The average energy resolution was 15.6% (without correcting for saturation effects) at 511 keV and the best CRT was 242±5 ps. The 2D flood map obtained with an energy window of 400–600 keV demonstrated clear identification of all pixels, and the average P/V ratio of the X- and Y-directions were 7.31 and 7.81, respectively. This study demonstrated that the PET detector could be suitable for application in high resolution PET while achieving good timing resolution.

KW - Digital SiPM

KW - LGSO

KW - Positron emission tomography

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85004065579&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85004065579&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.nima.2016.11.060

DO - 10.1016/j.nima.2016.11.060

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85004065579

VL - 846

SP - 18

EP - 22

JO - Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment

JF - Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment

SN - 0168-9002

ER -