Performance evaluation of a two-stage CO2 cycle with gas injection in the cooling mode operation

Honghyun Cho, Changhyun Baek, Chasik Park, Yong Chan Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

52 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The cooling performance and reliability of a transcritical CO2 cycle can be significantly improved by using a multi-stage compressor with gas injection because the CO2 cycle has a large pressure difference across a compressor. The objective of this study is to investigate the performance and operating characteristics of a two-stage CO2 cycle with gas injection. In this study, the performances of a two-stage CO2 cycle with gas injection (called as "two-stage gas injection cycle") were measured as the amount of refrigerant charge, first- and second-stage compressor frequencies, and first- and second-stage EEV openings were varied in the cooling mode operation. The cooling COP of the two-stage gas injection cycle was maximally enhanced by 16.5% over that of the two-stage non-injection cycle in the experiments. In addition, when the first- and second-stage EEV openings were increased, the compression ratio decreased and this in turn, improved the cooling COP of the two-stage gas injection cycle. However, when the first-stage EEV opening was increased, the mass flow rate through the evaporator decreased, and this in turn, decreased the cooling capacity of the two-stage gas injection cycle. Therefore, in the two-stage gas injection cycle, an optimum control of both EEV openings is required.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)40-46
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Refrigeration
Volume32
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Jan 1

Keywords

  • Carbon dioxide
  • Compression system
  • Injection
  • Measurement
  • Performance
  • Refrigeration system
  • Transcritical system
  • Two-stage system

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Building and Construction

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