This study aims to evaluate the sensing performance of glass fiber-reinforced polymer (GFRP) rock bolt sensors instrumented with strain gauges for monitoring rockslides. Experimental studies are conducted with four different types of GFRP rock bolt sensors and concrete blocks having central holes and two shear joints. Two GFRP rock bolt sensors are inserted into holes and then fixed in concrete blocks with cement grout and soil, respectively. The other two are coated with heat-shrink tubes to protect strain gauges and wires, which are then fixed in concrete blocks with cement grout and soil, respectively. Double shear tests are performed to produce shear deformations of GFRP rock bolt sensors, and then strain change with shear displacement is monitored. The results manifest that the variation in strain with shear displacement is more sensitive in the GFRP rock bolt sensor fixed with soil than with cement grout. Also, strain gauge wires in the GFRP rock bolt sensor fixed with cement grout are broken earlier than with soil. Furthermore, it is confirmed that the heat-shrink tube effectively protects strain gauges and wires, so that GFRP rock bolt sensors coated with heat-shrink tubes work for a longer time than the uncoated sensors. The present study shows that the GFRP rock bolt sensor can be useful for monitoring rock slope failure.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Civil and Structural Engineering