Performance of dry water- and porous carbon-based sorbents for carbon dioxide capture

Mohammad Al-Wabel, Jamal Elfaki, Adel Usman, Qaiser Hussain, Yong Sik Ok

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Carbon dioxide is the primary greenhouse gas that has a strong impact on global warming. Several technologies have been developed for capturing CO 2 to mitigate the greenhouse effect. The objective of this research was to investigate the performance of several sorbents based on dry water and porous carbon materials for capturing CO 2 . Seven sorbents were prepared and comparatively evaluated for their CO 2 capture capabilities: (i) Conocarpus biochar (CBC); (ii) commercial activated carbon (CAC); (iii) normal dry water (NDW); (iv) K 2 CO 3 -treated CBC (TCBC); (v) K 2 CO 3 -modified dry water (MDW); (vi) MDW and 2% TCBC (MDWTCBC); and (vii) MDW and 2% activated carbon (MDWCAC). The sorption process was carried out with initial CO 2 concentration of 5.7%, temperature of 25 °C, feed gas flow rate of 0.5 l min −1 and a pressure of 1.0 bar. The pure CO 2 was mixed with O 2 or N 2 to achieve the desired inlet concentration of CO 2 . The CO 2 adsorption capacity and partition coefficient (PC) of the tested sorbents were evaluated at 5% and 100% breakthrough (BT). The results showed a longer breakthrough and equilibrium adsorption times for CO 2 when mixed with N 2 than with O 2 . Among all sorbents, both CAC and CBC showed enhanced CO 2 capture performance with equilibrium (100% BT) adsorption capacities of 239 and 197 mg g −1 , respectively (in terms of PC: 1.0 × 10 −3 and 7.9 × 10 −4 mol kg −1 Pa −1 , respectively). In contrast, the performance of TCBC and the dry water-based sorbents was far lower than CAC or CBC. The CO 2 adsorption data fitted well to the non-linearized form of the pseudo-first-order kinetic model. The Fourier-transform infrared spectral patterns indicated that the reaction of CO 2 molecules with the hydroxyl groups of sorbents is possible through the formation of chemisorbed CO 2 species. It could be concluded that the activation process did not play a role in increasing the CO 2 capture performance in order to form new active sorption sites. However, Conocarpus biochar can be used as efficient sorbent for CO 2 capture with a better performance than other materials tested previously (e.g., activated carbon).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)69-79
Number of pages11
JournalEnvironmental Research
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jul 1

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Carbon Monoxide
Sorbents
Carbon Dioxide
Carbon
carbon dioxide
activated carbon
Water
carbon
adsorption
partition coefficient
water
Activated carbon
sorption
Adsorption
greenhouse effect
gas flow
Fourier transform
global warming
greenhouse gas
Sorption

Keywords

  • Activated carbon
  • Biochar
  • CO adsorption
  • Dry water
  • Gas adsorbent
  • Partition coefficient

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Environmental Science(all)

Cite this

Performance of dry water- and porous carbon-based sorbents for carbon dioxide capture. / Al-Wabel, Mohammad; Elfaki, Jamal; Usman, Adel; Hussain, Qaiser; Ok, Yong Sik.

In: Environmental Research, 01.07.2019, p. 69-79.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Al-Wabel, Mohammad ; Elfaki, Jamal ; Usman, Adel ; Hussain, Qaiser ; Ok, Yong Sik. / Performance of dry water- and porous carbon-based sorbents for carbon dioxide capture. In: Environmental Research. 2019 ; pp. 69-79.
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abstract = "Carbon dioxide is the primary greenhouse gas that has a strong impact on global warming. Several technologies have been developed for capturing CO 2 to mitigate the greenhouse effect. The objective of this research was to investigate the performance of several sorbents based on dry water and porous carbon materials for capturing CO 2 . Seven sorbents were prepared and comparatively evaluated for their CO 2 capture capabilities: (i) Conocarpus biochar (CBC); (ii) commercial activated carbon (CAC); (iii) normal dry water (NDW); (iv) K 2 CO 3 -treated CBC (TCBC); (v) K 2 CO 3 -modified dry water (MDW); (vi) MDW and 2{\%} TCBC (MDWTCBC); and (vii) MDW and 2{\%} activated carbon (MDWCAC). The sorption process was carried out with initial CO 2 concentration of 5.7{\%}, temperature of 25 °C, feed gas flow rate of 0.5 l min −1 and a pressure of 1.0 bar. The pure CO 2 was mixed with O 2 or N 2 to achieve the desired inlet concentration of CO 2 . The CO 2 adsorption capacity and partition coefficient (PC) of the tested sorbents were evaluated at 5{\%} and 100{\%} breakthrough (BT). The results showed a longer breakthrough and equilibrium adsorption times for CO 2 when mixed with N 2 than with O 2 . Among all sorbents, both CAC and CBC showed enhanced CO 2 capture performance with equilibrium (100{\%} BT) adsorption capacities of 239 and 197 mg g −1 , respectively (in terms of PC: 1.0 × 10 −3 and 7.9 × 10 −4 mol kg −1 Pa −1 , respectively). In contrast, the performance of TCBC and the dry water-based sorbents was far lower than CAC or CBC. The CO 2 adsorption data fitted well to the non-linearized form of the pseudo-first-order kinetic model. The Fourier-transform infrared spectral patterns indicated that the reaction of CO 2 molecules with the hydroxyl groups of sorbents is possible through the formation of chemisorbed CO 2 species. It could be concluded that the activation process did not play a role in increasing the CO 2 capture performance in order to form new active sorption sites. However, Conocarpus biochar can be used as efficient sorbent for CO 2 capture with a better performance than other materials tested previously (e.g., activated carbon).",
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AU - Ok, Yong Sik

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N2 - Carbon dioxide is the primary greenhouse gas that has a strong impact on global warming. Several technologies have been developed for capturing CO 2 to mitigate the greenhouse effect. The objective of this research was to investigate the performance of several sorbents based on dry water and porous carbon materials for capturing CO 2 . Seven sorbents were prepared and comparatively evaluated for their CO 2 capture capabilities: (i) Conocarpus biochar (CBC); (ii) commercial activated carbon (CAC); (iii) normal dry water (NDW); (iv) K 2 CO 3 -treated CBC (TCBC); (v) K 2 CO 3 -modified dry water (MDW); (vi) MDW and 2% TCBC (MDWTCBC); and (vii) MDW and 2% activated carbon (MDWCAC). The sorption process was carried out with initial CO 2 concentration of 5.7%, temperature of 25 °C, feed gas flow rate of 0.5 l min −1 and a pressure of 1.0 bar. The pure CO 2 was mixed with O 2 or N 2 to achieve the desired inlet concentration of CO 2 . The CO 2 adsorption capacity and partition coefficient (PC) of the tested sorbents were evaluated at 5% and 100% breakthrough (BT). The results showed a longer breakthrough and equilibrium adsorption times for CO 2 when mixed with N 2 than with O 2 . Among all sorbents, both CAC and CBC showed enhanced CO 2 capture performance with equilibrium (100% BT) adsorption capacities of 239 and 197 mg g −1 , respectively (in terms of PC: 1.0 × 10 −3 and 7.9 × 10 −4 mol kg −1 Pa −1 , respectively). In contrast, the performance of TCBC and the dry water-based sorbents was far lower than CAC or CBC. The CO 2 adsorption data fitted well to the non-linearized form of the pseudo-first-order kinetic model. The Fourier-transform infrared spectral patterns indicated that the reaction of CO 2 molecules with the hydroxyl groups of sorbents is possible through the formation of chemisorbed CO 2 species. It could be concluded that the activation process did not play a role in increasing the CO 2 capture performance in order to form new active sorption sites. However, Conocarpus biochar can be used as efficient sorbent for CO 2 capture with a better performance than other materials tested previously (e.g., activated carbon).

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KW - CO adsorption

KW - Dry water

KW - Gas adsorbent

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