Peri-implant bone length changes and survival rates of implants penetrating the sinus membrane at the posterior maxilla in patients with limited vertical bone height

Hae Young Kim, Jin Yong Yang, Bo Yoon Chung, Jeong Chan Kim, In Sung Yeo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: The aim of this study was to measure the peri-implant bone length surrounding implants that penetrate the sinus membrane at the posterior maxilla and to evaluate the survival rate of these implants. Methods: Treatment records and orthopantomographs of 39 patients were reviewed and analyzed. The patients had partial edentulism at the posterior maxilla and limited vertical bone height below the maxillary sinus. Implants were inserted into the posterior maxilla, penetrating the sinus membrane. Four months after implant insertion, provisional resin restorations were temporarily cemented to the abutments and used for one month. Then, a final impression was taken at the abutment level, and final cement-retained restorations were delivered with mutually protected occlusion. The complications from the implant surgery were examined, the number of failed implants was counted, and the survival rate was calculated. The periimplant bone lengths were measured using radiographs. The changes in initial and final peri-implant bone lengths were statistically analyzed. Results: Nasal bleeding occurred after implant surgery in three patients. No other complications were found. There were no failures of the investigated implants, resulting in a survival rate of 100%. Significantly more bone gain around the implants (estimated difference=-0.6 mm, P=0.025) occurred when the initial residual bone height was less than 5 mm compared to the > 5 mm groups. No significant change in peri-implant bone length was detected when the initial residual bone height was 5 mm or larger. Conclusions: This study suggests that implants penetrating the sinus membrane at the posterior maxilla in patients with limited vertical bone height may be safe and functional.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)58-63
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Periodontal and Implant Science
Volume43
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Keywords

  • Biomechanics
  • Biostatistics
  • Maxilla
  • Maxillary sinus
  • Sinus floor augmentation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oral Surgery
  • Periodontics

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