Periodic Micropillar-Patterned FTO/BiVO4 with Superior Light Absorption and Separation Efficiency for Efficient PEC Performance

Sucheol Ju, Hojung Kang, Junho Jun, Soomin Son, Jaemin Park, Wonjoong Kim, Heon Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In this study, a high-performance photoanode based on 3D periodic, micropillar-structured fluorine-doped tin oxide (FTO-MP) deposited with BiVO4 is fabricated using the patterned FTO by direct printing and spray pyrolysis, followed by the deposition of BiVO4 by sputtering and V ion heat-treatment on the patterned FTO. The FTO-MP enables light scattering owing to its 3D periodic structure and increases the light absorption efficiency. In addition, the high electron mobility of FTO and enlarged surface area of FTO-MP enhance the separation efficiency. Due to the combination of these enhancing strategies, the photocurrent density of micropillar-patterned BiVO4 at 1.23 VRHE reached 2.97 mA cm−2, which is 67.8% higher than that of flat BiVO4. The results suggest that the efficiency can increase significantly using the patterned FTO fabricated by an inexpensive and simple process (i.e., direct printing and spray pyrolysis), thereby indicating a new strategy for the enhancement of efficiency in various energy fields.

Original languageEnglish
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • BiVO
  • direct printing
  • micropillar-structured FTO
  • photoelectrochemical

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Biomaterials
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)


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