Perovskite ink with wide processing window for scalable high-efficiency solar cells

Mengjin Yang, Zhen Li, Matthew O. Reese, Obadiah G. Reid, Dong Hoe Kim, Sebastian Siol, Talysa R. Klein, Yanfa Yan, Joseph J. Berry, Maikel F.A.M. Van Hest, Kai Zhu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

334 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Perovskite solar cells have made tremendous progress using laboratory-scale spin-coating methods in the past few years owing to advances in controls of perovskite film deposition. However, devices made via scalable methods are still lagging behind state-of-the-art spin-coated devices because of the complicated nature of perovskite crystallization from a precursor state. Here we demonstrate a chlorine-containing methylammonium lead iodide precursor formulation along with solvent tuning to enable a wide precursor-processing window (up to ∼8 min) and a rapid grain growth rate (as short as ∼1 min). Coupled with antisolvent extraction, this precursor ink delivers high-quality perovskite films with large-scale uniformity. The ink can be used by both spin-coating and blade-coating methods with indistinguishable film morphology and device performance. Using a blade-coated absorber, devices with 0.12-cm2 and 1.2-cm2 areas yield average efficiencies of 18.55% and 17.33%, respectively. We further demonstrate a 12.6-cm2 four-cell module (88% geometric fill factor) with 13.3% stabilized active-area efficiency output.

Original languageEnglish
Article number17038
JournalNature Energy
Volume2
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Mar 27
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Perovskite ink with wide processing window for scalable high-efficiency solar cells'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this