Perpendicular magnetic anisotropy of two-dimensional Rashba ferromagnets

Kyoung Whan Kim, Kyung Jin Lee, Hyun Woo Lee, M. D. Stiles

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We compute the magnetocrystalline anisotropy energy within two-dimensional Rashba models. For a ferromagnetic free-electron Rashba model, the magnetic anisotropy is exactly zero regardless of the strength of the Rashba coupling, unless only the lowest band is occupied. For this latter case, the model predicts in-plane anisotropy. For a more realistic Rashba model with finite band width, the magnetic anisotropy evolves from in-plane to perpendicular and back to in-plane as bands are progressively filled. This evolution agrees with first-principles calculations on the interfacial anisotropy, suggesting that the Rashba model captures energetics leading to anisotropy originating from the interface provided that the model takes account of the finite Brillouin zone. The results show that the electron density modulation by doping or an external voltage is more important for voltage-controlled magnetic anisotropy than the modulation of the Rashba parameter.

Original languageEnglish
Article number184402
JournalPhysical Review B
Volume94
Issue number18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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