Pesticide poisonings in South Korea: Findings from the National Hospital Discharge Survey 2004-2006

H. J. Kim, E. S. Cha, Y. Ko, J. Kim, S. D. Kim, W. J. Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: Pesticide poisoning stands as a major public health issue worldwide. The objective of this study was to examine the epidemiologic characteristics of pesticide-related hospitalizations in South Korea. Methods: Data from the Korea National Hospital Discharge Survey were analyzed to describe the epidemiologic characteristics of pesticide poisoning among hospitalized patients from 2004 through 2006. Pesticide-related hospitalizations were identified using the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision codes. National estimates of pesticide-related hospitalizations were calculated using sampling weights for number of hospitalizations. Results: A total of 25,982 pesticide-related hospitalizations were estimated during the years 20042006, yielding an average annual pesticide-related hospitalization rate of 17.8 per 100,000 population in South Korea. Age-specific rates for pesticide-related hospitalization increased with age, with the highest rate noted among those aged 70 or above. The majority of pesticide-related hospitalization was cases of intentional poisoning in rural areas. Seasonal variation in the rate was observed, with summer being the highest among both men and women. Conclusions: Pesticide-related hospitalization is prevalent and demonstrates demographic and seasonal and regional variations. More effective strategies to reduce pesticide-related hospitalizations are required in South Korea.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)751-758
Number of pages8
JournalHuman and Experimental Toxicology
Volume31
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Aug

Keywords

  • epidemiology
  • hospitalization
  • patient discharge
  • pesticide poisoning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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