Strontium bismuth tantalate (SBT) having composition of Sr0.7Bi2.3Ta2O9 has been prepared through sol-gel method using their corresponding metal alkoxides as precursors. Seeded SBT powder was prepared by the addition of 5 wt% of nanometer-sized SBT particles to the sol followed by pyrolysis. Differential thermal analyses (DTA) were performed on the unseeded and seeded powder and Aurivillius phase formation temperatures were found to be reduced by ∼60°C in the seeded ones. Non-isothermal kinetic analyses were applied to the DTA results to obtain activation energy and Avrami exponent values for the Aurivillius phase formation in unseeded and seeded samples. The activation energy for the Aurivillius phase formation was found to be ∼268 kJ/mol for the seeded ones, while ∼375 kJ/mol for the unseeded ones, which plays a major role for the enhanced kinetics in the seeded ones. The Avrami exponent values for the Aurivillius phase formation in unseeded and seeded ones were determined as ∼2.80 and ∼1.15, respectively, revealing different nucleation and crystal growth mechanisms.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)