Phase transition behavior and mechanical properties of (1-x)(Bi1/2Na1/2)TiO3-xSrTiO3 lead-free piezoelectric ceramics

Sora Jo, Chang Hyo Hong, Dae Su Kim, Hyung Won Kang, Chang Won Ahn, Hyeung Gyu Lee, Sahn Nahm, Wook Jo, Seung Ho Han

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


Lead-free (1-x)(Bi1/2Na1/2)TiO3–xSrTiO3 (BNST, 0 ≤ x ≤ 0.25) ceramics were prepared by a conventional solid-state reaction. The effect of increasing the concentration of SrTiO3 (ST) on the phase transition behavior was investigated using x-ray diffraction patterns, field-induced polarization, and strain curves. As the ST concentrations increased, a ferroelectric to ergodic relaxor phase transition occurred. At x = 0.25, the highest strain was observed despite the piezoelectric charge constant being the lowest, and the ferroelectric and ergodic relaxor phases seemed to coexist. In order to investigate the mechanical properties of BNST ceramics, the resonance and antiresonance frequencies of various vibration modes were obtained, and the various tensors of elastic compliances were subsequently calculated. Because the resonance and antiresonance frequencies of the ergodic relaxor piezoceramics cannot be easily identified due to the absence of a remanent polarization and strain after the removal of the electric field, some tensors of elastic compliance of BNST with x = 0.25 were obtained by extrapolation of the compliance variation as a function of ST concentrations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)201-207
Number of pages7
JournalSensors and Actuators, A: Physical
Publication statusPublished - 2017 May 1


  • Bismuth sodium titanate
  • Incipient piezoceramics
  • Lead-free
  • Mechanical properties
  • Phase transition
  • Piezoelectric properties

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Instrumentation
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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