We are engaged in efforts to model spray phenomena. Applications olprincipal interest include the high-speed impact of large vessels of fuel and the subsequent fire, fire suppression, solid propellant fires, pressurized pipe or tank rupture, and fire propagation for cascading liquid fuels. To help guide research and development efforts geared towards designing an appropriate spray modeling capability, a Phenomenon Identification and Ranking exercise was conducted. The summarized results of the exercise in tabular format, a Phenomenon Identification and Ranking Table (P1RT), are presented. The table forms the context for a textual Jiterature review of the existing state of knowledge for modeling applications of interest. This exercise highlights some of the shortcomings in existing tools and knowledge, and suggests productive research activities that can help advance the modeling capabilities for the desired applications. Notable needs exist for research in high Weber number particle-surface impacts, particle collisions, multi-physics couplings, and low void fraction multi-phase coupling.