Phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase and Akt are required for RIG-I-mediated anti-viral signalling through cross-talk with IPS-1

Sang Hyeon Yeon, Moon Jung Song, Hye Ri Kang, Joo Young Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Retinoic acid-inducible gene I (RIG-I) is a cytosolic pattern-recognition receptor that recognizes viruses and triggers anti-viral immune responses. Activation of intracellular RIG-I signalling is mediated through interferon-β (IFN-β) promoter stimulator-1 (IPS-1), an adaptor of RIG-I, which induces IFN regulatory factor (IRF) 3 activation and type I IFN expression. The phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K) and Akt pathway is activated in host immune cells upon viral infection. However, the mechanism as to how they work in RIG-I signalling has not been fully elucidated. Therefore, we investigated the role of PI3K and Akt in the regulation of RIG-I-mediated IRF3 activation and type I IFN expression in macrophages. Our results show that Sendai virus infection, which is recognized by RIG-I, led to IRF3 activation and IFN-β expression and these responses were attenuated by the PI3K inhibitor (LY294002) and an Akt dominant-negative mutant in the macrophage cell line(RAW264.7). IRF3 phosphorylation and dimerization as well as IFN-β expression induced by a synthetic RIG-I agonist, short poly(I:C), were suppressed by LY294002 or siRNA-Akt in bone marrow-derived macrophages. Suppression of PI3K and Akt using a dominant-negative mutant and siRNA knockdown resulted in attenuation of IRF3 activation and IFN-β expression induced by RIG-I itself or its adaptor, IPS-1. Association of Akt with IPS-1 increased with short poly(I:C) stimulation and required the pleckstrin homology domain of Akt and caspase-recruitment domain in IPS-1. Collectively, our results show that PI3K and Akt are required downstream of IPS-1 for RIG-I-mediated anti-viral immune responses. The results describe a novel, interactive relationship between RIG-I downstream signalling molecules resulting in efficient anti-viral immunity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)312-320
Number of pages9
JournalImmunology
Volume144
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Feb 1

Keywords

  • Innate immunity
  • Macrophages
  • Pattern-recognition receptor
  • Type I interferon
  • Virus infection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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