Phthalimide-Based High Mobility Polymer Semiconductors for Efficient Nonfullerene Solar Cells with Power Conversion Efficiencies over 13%

Jianwei Yu, Peng Chen, Chang Woo Koh, Hang Wang, Kun Yang, Xin Zhou, Bin Liu, Qiaogan Liao, Jianhua Chen, Huiliang Sun, Han Young Woo, Shiming Zhang, Xugang Guo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Highly efficient nonfullerene polymer solar cells (PSCs) are developed based on two new phthalimide-based polymers phthalimide-difluorobenzothiadiazole (PhI-ffBT) and fluorinated phthalimide-ffBT (ffPhI-ffBT). Compared to all high-performance polymers reported, which are exclusively based on benzo[1,2-b:4,5-b′]dithiophene (BDT), both PhI-ffBT and ffPhI-ffBT are BDT-free and feature a D-A 1 -D-A 2 type backbone. Incorporating a second acceptor unit difluorobenzothiadiazole leads to polymers with low-lying highest occupied molecular orbital levels (≈−5.6 eV) and a complementary absorption with the narrow bandgap nonfullerene acceptor IT-4F. Moreover, these BDT-free polymers show substantially higher hole mobilities than BDT-based polymers, which are beneficial to charge transport and extraction in solar cells. The PSCs containing difluorinated phthalimide-based polymer ffPhI-ffBT achieve a substantial PCE of 12.74% and a large V oc of 0.94 V, and the PSCs containing phthalimide-based polymer PhI-ffBT show a further increased PCE of 13.31% with a higher J sc of 19.41 mA cm −2 and a larger fill factor of 0.76. The 13.31% PCE is the highest value except the widely studied BDT-based polymers and is also the highest among all benzothiadiazole-based polymers. The results demonstrate that phthalimides are excellent building blocks for enabling donor polymers with the state-of-the-art performance in nonfullerene PSCs and the BDT is not necessary for constructing such donor polymers.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1801743
JournalAdvanced Science
Volume6
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 23

Fingerprint

phthalimides
Semiconductors
Conversion efficiency
Solar cells
Polymers
solar cells
Semiconductor materials
polymers
Phthalimides
phthalimide
Hole mobility
Molecular orbitals
N-((2,3-dihydro-1,4-benzodioxin-2-yl)methyl)-5-methoxy-1H-indole-3-ethanamine
Charge transfer
Energy gap
hole mobility

Keywords

  • difluorobenzothiadiazole
  • high mobility polymers
  • high power conversion efficiencies
  • nonfullerene polymer solar cells
  • phthalimide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (miscellaneous)
  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Phthalimide-Based High Mobility Polymer Semiconductors for Efficient Nonfullerene Solar Cells with Power Conversion Efficiencies over 13%. / Yu, Jianwei; Chen, Peng; Koh, Chang Woo; Wang, Hang; Yang, Kun; Zhou, Xin; Liu, Bin; Liao, Qiaogan; Chen, Jianhua; Sun, Huiliang; Woo, Han Young; Zhang, Shiming; Guo, Xugang.

In: Advanced Science, Vol. 6, No. 2, 1801743, 23.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Yu, J, Chen, P, Koh, CW, Wang, H, Yang, K, Zhou, X, Liu, B, Liao, Q, Chen, J, Sun, H, Woo, HY, Zhang, S & Guo, X 2019, 'Phthalimide-Based High Mobility Polymer Semiconductors for Efficient Nonfullerene Solar Cells with Power Conversion Efficiencies over 13%', Advanced Science, vol. 6, no. 2, 1801743. https://doi.org/10.1002/advs.201801743
Yu, Jianwei ; Chen, Peng ; Koh, Chang Woo ; Wang, Hang ; Yang, Kun ; Zhou, Xin ; Liu, Bin ; Liao, Qiaogan ; Chen, Jianhua ; Sun, Huiliang ; Woo, Han Young ; Zhang, Shiming ; Guo, Xugang. / Phthalimide-Based High Mobility Polymer Semiconductors for Efficient Nonfullerene Solar Cells with Power Conversion Efficiencies over 13%. In: Advanced Science. 2019 ; Vol. 6, No. 2.
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abstract = "Highly efficient nonfullerene polymer solar cells (PSCs) are developed based on two new phthalimide-based polymers phthalimide-difluorobenzothiadiazole (PhI-ffBT) and fluorinated phthalimide-ffBT (ffPhI-ffBT). Compared to all high-performance polymers reported, which are exclusively based on benzo[1,2-b:4,5-b′]dithiophene (BDT), both PhI-ffBT and ffPhI-ffBT are BDT-free and feature a D-A 1 -D-A 2 type backbone. Incorporating a second acceptor unit difluorobenzothiadiazole leads to polymers with low-lying highest occupied molecular orbital levels (≈−5.6 eV) and a complementary absorption with the narrow bandgap nonfullerene acceptor IT-4F. Moreover, these BDT-free polymers show substantially higher hole mobilities than BDT-based polymers, which are beneficial to charge transport and extraction in solar cells. The PSCs containing difluorinated phthalimide-based polymer ffPhI-ffBT achieve a substantial PCE of 12.74{\%} and a large V oc of 0.94 V, and the PSCs containing phthalimide-based polymer PhI-ffBT show a further increased PCE of 13.31{\%} with a higher J sc of 19.41 mA cm −2 and a larger fill factor of 0.76. The 13.31{\%} PCE is the highest value except the widely studied BDT-based polymers and is also the highest among all benzothiadiazole-based polymers. The results demonstrate that phthalimides are excellent building blocks for enabling donor polymers with the state-of-the-art performance in nonfullerene PSCs and the BDT is not necessary for constructing such donor polymers.",
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AU - Liu, Bin

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