Phylogeographic investigation of an endangered longhorn beetle, callipogon relictus (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae), in northeast asia: Implications for future restoration in Korea

Ji Hyoun Kang, Dae Am Yi, Alexander V. Kuprin, Changdo Han, Yeon Jae Bae

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The longhorn beetle, Callipogon (Eoxenus) relictus Semenov, is the only remnant species found in the Palearctic region, while all other Callipogon species are distributed mainly in Central America and partly in South America. This species has been placed in the first category (as ‘critically endangered’) of the Red Data Book in Russia and designated as one of the top-priority target species among all endangered invertebrate species for restoration in South Korea since 2006. Although its restricted distribution in Northeast Asia with a high conservational value has been highlighted, genetic features of C. relictus from different geographic regions remain unexplored. We first investi-gated the level of genetic diversity and phylogeographic patterns of C. relictus to evaluate the current conservational status and the feasibility of the implementation of a restoration program. The average genetic divergence of mitochondrial gene COI based on Kimura-2-parameter distance among the four regions in Russia, China, North Korea, and South Korea was 2.2%, which lies within the range of intraspecific levels. However, two separate clades with 3.8% divergence were identified, despite no geographical clustering of haplotypes. The linear pattern of the haplotype network with a high level of haplotype and nucleotide diversities suggests that the wide range of currently fragmented populations might be the remnant of genetically diverse populations in the past. This study will provide crucial information on the genetic characteristics and phylogeographic history of C. relictus, which will help to establish conservation strategies for this cherished insect species in Northeast Asia.

Original languageEnglish
Article number555
JournalInsects
Volume12
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Jun

Keywords

  • COI
  • COII
  • Endangered species
  • Longhorn beetle
  • Restoration
  • Saproxylic insect

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Insect Science

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