Physical aging of glassy normal and waxy rice starches: Effect of crystallinity on glass transition and enthalpy relaxation

Hyun Jung Chung, Hyo Ihl Chang, Seung Taik Lim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Effect of crystallinity on the relaxation behavior of normal and waxy rice starches was examined by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Starch samples with different crystallinities were prepared by heating granular rice starch (14% moisture) in DSC pans to different temperatures (170 and 200°C), and an amorphous sample was prepared by dissolving the starch in dimethylsulfoxide and then recovering it in absolute ethanol. The heat capacity increment (ΔCp) at the glass transition decreased with increasing sample crystallinity. The glass transition temperature (Tg) of native granular starch was higher than that of partially melted starches, but the starch heated to 200°C displayed a higher Tg, than did the starch heated to 170°C, suggesting the occurrence of additional changes besides crystal melting during heating to 200°C. Moreover, network structure formed between crystalline and amorphous regions could affect the amorphous transition. With regard to amorphous structural relaxation, the peak temperature of relaxation endotherm (Tp) increased linearly with log aging time (ta), but the rate of the relaxation temperature increase (dT p/d log ta) depended on residual crystallinity. The temperature of the relaxation endotherm positively correlated with glass transition. For partially melted starches, the extent of relaxation increased proportionally with the level of amorphous fraction, whereas the rate of relaxation decreased as the amorphous fraction increased.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)101-107
Number of pages7
JournalCarbohydrate Polymers
Volume58
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Nov 19

Keywords

  • Enthalpy relaxation
  • Glass transition
  • Physical aging
  • Rice starch
  • Semicrystalline

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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