Physical aging of glassy normal and waxy rice starches: Thermal and mechanical characterization

Hyun Jung Chung, Seung Taik Lim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Physical aging of glassy amorphous rice (normal and waxy) starches (14.5% moisture) was characterized in terms of thermal and mechanical properties, using a differential scanning calorimeter (DSC), dynamic thermal analyzer (DMTA), and Instron texturometer. The starch samples were prepared by compressing under heat (100 °C, 2000psi), and subsequently aged at 25 °C for up to 29 days. Relaxation enthalpy, as measured by DSC, increased gradually with aging time, reaching a structural equilibrium. The peak temperature of the relaxation endotherm in DSC thermogram linearly increased with the logarithm of aging time. Relaxation kinetics revealed that relaxation rate was much slower for normal rice starch than for waxy rice starch. DMTA showed that storage modulus increased by aging, but the tanδ peak height reduced, indicating that the chain mobility of glassy starch was reduced by aging. Dual glass transitions were observed in both DSC and DMTA thermograms for normal rice starch samples, whereas a single transition was observed for waxy rice starch samples. It suggests that the amorphous regions in normal starch samples are heterogeneous. Breaking strength, measured using an Instron texturometer, increased gradually with aging time, in accordance with the change in relaxation enthalpy. The relaxation kinetics of glassy starch aging could be explained by thermal transition enthalpy and by mechanical properties such as storage modulus and breaking strength.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15-21
Number of pages7
JournalCarbohydrate Polymers
Volume57
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Aug 12

Keywords

  • Glass transition
  • Mechanical property
  • Physical aging
  • Rice starch
  • Thermal property

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Biochemistry

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