Physical properties of wheat flour composites dry-coated with microparticulated soybean hulls and rice flour and their use for low-fat doughnut preparation

Ju Hun Lee, Ah Ra Cho, Joo Yeon Hong, Dong June Park, Seung Taik Lim

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13 Citations (Scopus)


Air-classified wheat flour was dry-coated with microparticulated rice flour (30%, db) and/or microparticulated soybean hulls (up to 10%, db) using a hybridization system, and the physical properties of the dry-coated wheat flour were examined. The composite wheat flours exhibited the higher water-holding capacity but lower swelling power and oil-holding capacity than their counterpart mixtures. In pasting viscosity, the composites of wheat and rice flours had substantially lower values for peak viscosity and breakdown than did pure wheat flour. The incorporation of soybean hulls to the composites of wheat and rice flours further reduced the peak viscosity. The composites with rice flour and soybean hulls showed slightly higher melting (gelatinization) temperatures but lower melting enthalpy compared to the counterpart mixtures. By using the composite flours for the deep-fat fried doughnut preparation, the oil uptake could be substantially reduced by approximately 30%, in comparison to pure wheat flour or the mixture samples. The composite wheat flours with microparticulated rice flour and soybean hulls produced dough matrices with improved compactness and cell structure, which were attributed to the reduced fat uptake during frying.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)636-643
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Cereal Science
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Nov 1



  • Deep-fat frying
  • Doughnut
  • Dry particle coating
  • Rice flour
  • Soybean hull

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Biochemistry

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