Piezoelectric properties of Pb(Zr,Ti)O3-Pb(Ni,Nb)O3 ceramics and their application in energy harvesters

Tae Gon Lee, Ho Jun Lee, Sun Woo Kim, Dae Hyeon Kim, Seung Ho Han, Hyung Won Kang, Chong-Yun Kang, Sahn Nahm

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)


The piezoelectric properties of (1-x-y)PbZrO3-xPbTiO3-yPb(Ni1/3Nb2/3)O3 ceramics were investigated. Specimens with a large Pb(Ni1/3Nb2/3)O3 content, which have compositions close to the triple point, show small g33 and d33 × g33 values because of their large εT 330. These values increased with a decrease in y (amount of Pb(Ni1/3Nb2/3)O3) and the specimen with x = 0.39 and y = 0.29 showed the largest g33 of 43 × 10−3 V·m/N and d33 × g33 of 25.2 × 10−12 m2/N. Cantilever-type energy harvesters were fabricated using specimens with 0.38 ≤ x ≤ 0.41 and y = 0.29. The output power densities of the energy harvesters were related to the d31 × g31 × k31 2 value of the piezoelectric ceramics. The energy harvester fabricated using a specimen with x = 0.39 and y = 0.29, which has a maximum d31 × g31 × k31 2 value, showed the maximum output power density of 1.01 mW/cm3.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3935-3942
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the European Ceramic Society
Issue number13
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Oct 1


  • d × g × k value
  • MPB
  • Pb(Zr,Ti)O-Pb(Ni,Nb)O ceramics
  • Piezoelectric energy harvester

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry

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