Pinolenic Acid in Structured Triacylglycerols Exhibits Superior Intestinal Lymphatic Absorption As Compared to Pinolenic Acid in Natural Pine Nut Oil

Min Yu Chung, Hyunjoon Woo, Juyeon Kim, Daecheol Kong, Hee Don Choi, In Wook Choi, In-Hwan Kim, Sang K. Noh, Byung Hee Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The positional distribution pattern of fatty acids (FAs) in the triacylglycerols (TAGs) affects intestinal absorption of these FAs. The aim of this study was to compare lymphatic absorption of pinolenic acid (PLA) present in structured pinolenic TAG (SPT) where PLA was evenly distributed on the glycerol backbone, with absorption of pine nut oil (PNO) where PLA was predominantly positioned at the sn-3 position. SPT was prepared via the nonspecific lipase-catalyzed esterification of glycerol with free FA obtained from PNO. Lymphatic absorption of PLA from PNO and from SPT was compared in a rat model of lymphatic cannulation. Significantly (P < 0.05) greater amounts of PLA were detected in lymph collected for 8 h from an emulsion containing SPT (28.5 ± 0.7% dose) than from an emulsion containing PNO (26.2 ± 0.6% dose), thereby indicating that PLA present in SPT has a greater capacity for lymphatic absorption than PLA from PNO.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1543-1549
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Volume65
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Mar 1

Keywords

  • lymphatic absorption
  • Novozym 435
  • pinolenic acid
  • stereospecific numbering position
  • structured triacylglycerols

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

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