Objectives: This study was designed to compare the diagnostic accuracy of plasma neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) with procalcitonin (PCT), C-reactive protein (CRP), and white blood cells (WBCs) for predicting acute pyelonephritis (APN) in children with febrile urinary tract infections (UTIs). Materials and methods: In total, 138 children with febrile UTIs (APN 59, lower UTI 79) were reviewed retrospectively. Levels of NGAL, PCT, CRP, and WBCs in blood were measured on admission. The diagnostic accuracy of the biomarkers was investigated. Independent predictors of APN were identified by multivariate logistic regression analysis. Results: Receiver operating curve (ROC) analyses showed good diagnostic profiles of NGAL, PCT, CRP, and WBCs for identifying APN [area under the curve (AUC) 0.893, 0.855, 0.879, and 0.654, respectively]. However, multivariate analysis revealed only plasma NGAL level was an independent predictor of APN (P = 0.006). At the best cutoff values of all examined biomarkers for identifying APN, sensitivity (86 %), specificity (85 %), positive predictive value (81 %), and negative predictive value (89 %) of plasma NGAL levels were the highest. The optimal NGAL cutoff value was 117 ng/ml. The positive likelihood ratio [odds ratio (OR) 5.69, 95 % confidence interval (CI) 3.56–8.78], and negative likelihood ratio (OR 0.16, 95 % CI 0.08-0.29) of plasma NGAL for APN diagnosis also showed it seemed to be more accurate than serum PCT, CRP, and WBCs. Conclusion: Plasma NGAL can be more useful than serum PCT, CRP, and WBC levels for identifying APN in children with febrile UTIs.
- Acute pyelonephritis
- Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin
- Urinary tract infection
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health