Politics and health outcomes

Vicente Navarro, Carles Muntaner, Carme Borrell, Joan Benach, Águeda Quiroga, Maica Rodríguez-Sanz, Núria Vergés, M. Isabel Pasarín

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

303 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this study was to examine the complex interactions between political traditions, policies, and public health outcomes, and to find out whether different political traditions have been associated with systematic patterns in population health over time. We analysed a number of political, economic, social, and health variables over a 50-year period, in a set of wealthy countries belonging to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). Our findings support the hypothesis that the political ideologies of governing parties affect some indicators of population health. Our analysis makes an empirical link between politics and policy, by showing that political parties with egalitarian ideologies tend to implement redistributive policies. An important finding of our research is that policies aimed at reducing social inequalities, such as welfare state and labour market policies, do seem to have a salutary effect on the selected health indicators, infant mortality and life expectancy at birth.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1033-1037
Number of pages5
JournalLancet
Volume368
Issue number9540
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Sep 16

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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