Polyethylenimine-based antisense oligodeoxynucleotides of IL-4 suppress the production of IL-4 in a murine model of airway inflammation

Ji Hye Seong, Kyung Mi Lee, Sung Tae Kim, Su Eon Jin, Chong Kook Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Interleukin-4 (IL-4) plays a crucial role as an inflammatory mediator in allergic asthma via inducing Th2 inflammation and IgE synthesis. To develop an effective therapeutic agent which specifically inhibits production of IL-4, antisense oligodeoxynucleotides (AS-ODNs) against murine IL-4 mRNA were generated and complexed with polyethylenimine (PEI) to improve intracellular delivery. Methods: AS-ODNs were generated against the translation initiation region of murine IL-4 mRNA, and complexed with linear PEI. In vitro efficacy of AS-ODNs/PEI complexes was tested by measuring IL-4 production in the D10.G4.1 cell line, and cytotoxicity was tested by XTT assay. Physicochemical properties of polyplexes were examined using atomic force microscopy (AFM) and DNase I protection assay. In vivo effects of IL-4 AS-ODNs/PEI complexes were tested in a murine model of airway inflammation. IL-4 concentrations in the bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid and circulating IgE levels were measured by ELISA, and histological analysis of lung tissues was performed. Results: IL-4 AS-ODNs/PEI complexes were spheres with an average diameter of 98 nm and resistant to DNase I-mediated degradation. IL-4 AS-ODNs/PEI complexes showed up to 35% inhibition of IL-4 production in D10.G4.1 cells without causing any toxicity, while naked ODNs gave less than 1% reduction. Furthermore, IL-4 AS-ODNs/PEI complexes were effective in suppressing secretion of IL-4 (up to 30% reduction) in the BAL fluid in an ovalbumin-sensitized murine model of airway inflammation. Circulating IgE levels were decreased, and airway inflammation was alleviated by treatment with IL-4 AS-ODNs polyplexes. Conclusions: These data demonstrate that complexation of IL-4 AS-ODNs with PEI provides a potential therapeutic tool in controlling inflammation associated with allergic asthma, and further presents an opportunity to the development of clinical therapy based on combination of multiple AS-ODNs of cytokines and/or signaling effectors involved in Th2 inflammation and eosinophilia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)314-323
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Gene Medicine
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Mar


  • Airway inflammation
  • Allergic asthma
  • Antisense oligodeoxynucleotides
  • Interleukin-4
  • Polyethylenimine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Drug Discovery
  • Genetics(clinical)


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