A number of studies have tested the association of the complement receptor 1 (CR1) and Interleukin-10 (IL10) polymorphisms with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), but reported conflicting results. The aim of the study is to explore whether the CR1 and IL10 genes are associated with SLE susceptibility. We surveyed studies on the CR1 and IL10 polymorphisms and SLE using comprehensive Medline search and review of the references. A meta-analysis was conducted in a fixed effects model or random effects model based on between-study heterogeneity. Eighteen comparisons from 13 studies were included in the CR1 meta-analysis and a total of 16 separate comparisons were used for the IL10 meta-analysis. The CR1 meta-analysis showed no significant association of the CR1 functional polymorphisms with SLE. In contrast, the S structural variant of the CR1 showed a significant association (OR=1.544, 95% CI, 1.217-1.959, P <0.001). Stratification by ethnicity indicated that the CR1 S variant was associated with SLE in Caucasians (OR=1.667, 95% CI, 1.193-2.357, P=0.003). The IL10 meta-analysis showed a significant association between SLE and the G11 allele of IL10.G (OR=1.279, 95% CI; 1.027-1.593, P=0.028) in whole populations, and IL10 promoter - 1082G allele was associated with SLE in Asians (OR=1.358, 95% CI; 1.015-1.816, P=0.039). In conclusion, the CR1 meta-analysis revealed the association of the S structural variant of the CR1 with SLE and the IL10 meta-analysis showed the association of IL10.G11 allele and SLE in whole populations and the association between promoter -A1082G polymorphism and SLE in Asians.
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