Poor preoperative glycemic control is associated with dismal prognosis after radical nephroureterectomy for upper tract urothelial carcinoma: A Korean multicenter study

Sung Gu Kang, Eu Chang Hwang, Seung Il Jung, Ho Song Yu, Ho Seok Chung, Taek Won Kang, Dong Deuk Kwon, Jun Eul Hwang, Jun Seok Kim, Joon Hwa Noh, Jae Hyung You, Myung Ki Kim, Tae Hoon Oh, Ill Young Seo, Seung Baik, Chul Sung Kim, Seok Ho Kang, Jun Cheon

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5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of diabetes mellitus (DM) and preoperative glycemic control on prognosis in Korean patients with upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) who underwent radical nephroureterectomy (RNU). Materials and Methods A total of 566 patients who underwent RNU at six institutions between 2004 and 2014 were reviewed retrospectively. Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression analyses were performed to assess the association between DM, preoperative glycemic control, and recurrence-free, cancer-specific, and overall survival. Results The median follow-up period was 33.8 months (interquartile range, 41.4 months). A total of 135 patients (23.8%) had DM and 67 patients (11.8%) had poor preoperative glycemic control. Patients with poor preoperative glycemic control had significantly shorter median recurrence-free, cancer-specific, and overall survival than patients with good preoperative glycemic control and non-diabetics (all, p=0.001). In multivariable Cox regression analysis, DM with poor preoperative glycemic control showed association with worse recurrence-free survival (hazard ratio [HR], 2.26; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.31 to 3.90; p=0.003), cancer-specific survival (HR, 2.96; 95% CI, 1.80 to 4.87; p=0.001), and overall survival (HR, 2.13; 95% CI, 1.40 to 3.22; p=0.001). Conclusion Diabetic UTUC patients with poor preoperative glycemic control had significantly worse oncologic outcomes than diabetic UTUC patients with good preoperative glycemic control and non-diabetics. Further investigation is needed to elucidate the exact mechanism underlying the impact of glycemic control on UTUC treatment outcome.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1293-1301
Number of pages9
JournalCancer Research and Treatment
Volume48
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Prognosis
  • Transitional cell carcinoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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