We have investigated the Ag (1 nm)indium tin oxide (ITO) (200 nm) contacts by scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM), Auger electron spectroscopy (AES), and X-ray photoemission spectroscopy (XPS) to understand its ohmic mechanism. The Ag/ITO contacts exhibit ohmic behaviors, when annealed at 400-600°C. The effective Schottky barrier heights depend on the annealing temperatures. STEM and AES results reveal the formation of Ag nanodots (5-35 nm across) and Ga-Ag solid solution. Based on the STEM, AES, and XPS results, the ohmic contact formation is described in terms of the formation of the Ga-Ag solid solution and the inhomogeneous interfaces with nanodots.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Materials Science(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering