Posterior Surgical Techniques for Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy: WFNS Spine Committee Recommendations

World Federation of Neurosurgical Societies (WFNS) Spine Committee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: This study was conducted to determine and recommend the most up-to-date information on the indications, complications, and outcomes of posterior surgical treatments for cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) on the basis of a literature review. Methods: A comprehensive literature search was performed, using the MEDLINE (PubMed), the Cochrane Register of Controlled Trials, and Web of Science databases, for peer-reviewed articles published in English during the last 10 years. Results: Posterior techniques, which include laminectomy alone, laminectomy with fusion, and laminoplasty, are often used in patients with involvement of 3 or more levels. Posterior decompression for CSM is effective for improving patients’ neurological function. Complications resulting from posterior cervical spine surgery include injury to the spinal cord and nerve roots, complications related to posterior screw fixation or instrumentation, C5 palsy, spring-back closure of lamina, and postlaminectomy kyphosis. Conclusion: It is necessary to consider multiple factors when deciding on the appropriate operation for a particular patient. Surgeons need to tailor preoperative discussions to ensure that patients are aware of these facts. Further research is needed on the cost-to-benefit analysis of various surgical approaches, the comparative efficacy of surgical approaches using various techniques, and long-term outcomes, as current knowledge is deficient in this regard.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)421-434
Number of pages14
JournalNeurospine
Volume16
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Sep

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Keywords

  • Cervical spondylosis
  • Complications
  • Compressive myelopathy
  • Laminectomy
  • Laminoplasty
  • Outcomes assessment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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