Postnatal early overnutrition dysregulates the intrarenal renin-angiotensin system and extracellular matrix-linked molecules in juvenile male rats

Hyung Eun Yim, Kee Soo Ha, In Sun Bae, Kee Hwan Yoo, Young Sook Hong, Joo Won Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Overnutrition during the perinatal period has been associated with susceptibility to obesity and related comorbidities. We examined the effects of postnatal early overnutrition on the development of juvenile obesity and the associated renal pathophysiological changes. Three or 10 pups per mother from rat pup litters were assigned to either the overnutrition or control groups during the first 21 days of life. The effects of overfeeding were measured at 28 days. The smaller male litter pups were heavier than the controls between 4 and 28 days after birth (P<.05). By 28 days of age, the kidney weight per body weight ratio decreased in the small litter group (P<.05). Circulating leptin levels increased in the small litter rats (P<.05). Overnutrition had no effect on renal cell proliferation, apoptosis, macrophages and glomerulosclerosis. In the immunoblots and immunohistochemistry, renin and angiotensin II type (AT) 2 receptor expression increased in the overfed rats (P<.05). By contrast, the plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI)-1 and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 expression decreased in the overnutrition group (P<.05). The AT 1 receptor, tissue inhibitor of MMP-1, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, tumor necrosis factor-α, osteopontin and adiponectin expression was not changed. Our data showed that postnatal early overfeeding led to hyperleptinemia, juvenile obesity and the acquired reset of renal maturation. Up-regulation of renin and AT2 and down-regulation of PAI-1 and MMP-9 might contribute to abnormal programming of renal growth in rats exposed to postnatal early overnutrition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)937-945
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Nutritional Biochemistry
Volume23
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Aug

Keywords

  • Extracellular matrix
  • Kidney development
  • Obesity
  • Renin-angiotensin system

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Clinical Biochemistry

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