Postpartum haemorrhage requiring transfusion and risk of cardiovascular disease later in life: a retrospective cohort study

Geum-Joon Cho, K. M. Lee, H. Y. Kim, S. W. Han, Min Jeong Oh, L. Chiec, Y. K. Chae

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To determine whether postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) is associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD), including cerebrovascular and ischaemic heart disease beyond the peripartum period. Design: Population-based cohort study. Setting: Merged databases of the Korea National Health Insurance (KNHI) claims, National Health Screening Examination and National Health Screening Program for Infants and Children. Population: Women who gave birth in 2007 in the Republic of Korea and who were tracked through to 2015 for the occurrence of CVD. Methods: Patients were identified and the occurrences of PPH and transfusion were determined using the KNHI claims database. The occurrence of CVD was tracked through 2015 using codes from the International Classification of Diseases, tenth revision (ICD-10). Main outcome measures: The risk of CVD after PPH. Results: Among 150 381 women who gave birth during the study period, 9107 were diagnosed with PPH and 899 were treated with transfusion. The risk of CVD in women with PPH was no different than in women without PPH, after adjustment (HR 1.03, 95% CI 0.93–1.13). The risk of CVD in women with PPH requiring transfusion was significantly increased compared with women without PPH, after adjustment (HR 1.60, 95% CI 1.25–2.06). The risk of CVD in women with PPH without transfusion was not significantly different compared with women without PPH (HR 0.96, 95% CI 0.86–1.07). Conclusions: Postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) requiring transfusion is associated with an increased risk of CVD. Guidelines for management should be established, and further studies on the mechanisms involved should be conducted. Tweetable abstract: PPH requiring transfusion is associated with an increased risk of CVD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)738-744
Number of pages7
JournalBJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Volume128
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Mar

Keywords

  • Cardiovascular disease
  • postpartum haemorrhage
  • transfusion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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