Potential CO 2 intrusion in near-surface environments: a review of current research approaches to geochemical processes

Zahra Derakhshan-Nejad, Jing Sun, Seong Taek Yun, Giehyeon Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Abstract: Carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) capture and storage (CCS) plays a crucial role in reducing carbon emissions to the atmosphere. However, gas leakage from deep storage reservoirs, which may flow back into near-surface and eventually to the atmosphere, is a major concern associated with this technology. Despite an increase in research focusing on potential CO 2 leakage into deep surface features and aquifers, a significant knowledge gap remains in the geochemical changes associated with near-surface. This study reviews the geochemical processes related to the intrusion of CO 2 into near-surface environments with an emphasis on metal mobilization and discusses about the geochemical research approaches, recent findings, and current knowledge gaps. It is found that the intrusion of CO 2 (g) into near-surface likely induces changes in pH, dissolution of minerals, and potential degradation of surrounding environments. The development of adequate geochemical research approaches for assessing CO 2 leakage in near-surface environments, using field studies, laboratory experiments, and/or geochemical modeling combined with isotopic tracers, has promoted extensive surveys of CO 2 -induced reactions. However, addressing knowledge gaps in geochemical changes in near-surface environments is fundamental to advance current knowledge on how CO 2 leaks from storage sites and the consequences of this process on soil and water chemistry. For reliable detection and risk management of the potential impact of CO 2 leakage from storage sites on the environmental chemistry, currently available geochemical research approaches should be either combined or used independently (albeit in a manner complementarily to one another), and the results should be jointly interpreted. Graphical abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.].

Original languageEnglish
JournalEnvironmental Geochemistry and Health
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 1

Fingerprint

Carbon Monoxide
leakage
soil chemistry
atmosphere
Leakage (fluid)
carbon emission
Risk management
Aquifers
water chemistry
mobilization
Carbon Dioxide
Carbon dioxide
Dissolution
Minerals
carbon dioxide
tracer
dissolution
aquifer
Carbon
Gases

Keywords

  • CO capture and storage (CCS)
  • CO leakage
  • CO sequestration
  • CO -induced geochemical processes
  • Near-surface environment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

Cite this

Potential CO 2 intrusion in near-surface environments : a review of current research approaches to geochemical processes. / Derakhshan-Nejad, Zahra; Sun, Jing; Yun, Seong Taek; Lee, Giehyeon.

In: Environmental Geochemistry and Health, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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AB - Abstract: Carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) capture and storage (CCS) plays a crucial role in reducing carbon emissions to the atmosphere. However, gas leakage from deep storage reservoirs, which may flow back into near-surface and eventually to the atmosphere, is a major concern associated with this technology. Despite an increase in research focusing on potential CO 2 leakage into deep surface features and aquifers, a significant knowledge gap remains in the geochemical changes associated with near-surface. This study reviews the geochemical processes related to the intrusion of CO 2 into near-surface environments with an emphasis on metal mobilization and discusses about the geochemical research approaches, recent findings, and current knowledge gaps. It is found that the intrusion of CO 2 (g) into near-surface likely induces changes in pH, dissolution of minerals, and potential degradation of surrounding environments. The development of adequate geochemical research approaches for assessing CO 2 leakage in near-surface environments, using field studies, laboratory experiments, and/or geochemical modeling combined with isotopic tracers, has promoted extensive surveys of CO 2 -induced reactions. However, addressing knowledge gaps in geochemical changes in near-surface environments is fundamental to advance current knowledge on how CO 2 leaks from storage sites and the consequences of this process on soil and water chemistry. For reliable detection and risk management of the potential impact of CO 2 leakage from storage sites on the environmental chemistry, currently available geochemical research approaches should be either combined or used independently (albeit in a manner complementarily to one another), and the results should be jointly interpreted. Graphical abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.].

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