Potential relationship between season of birth and clinical characteristics in major depressive disorder in Koreans: Results from the CRESCEND study

Seon Cheol Park, Jeong Kyu Sakong, Bon Hoon Koo, Jae Min Kim, Tae Youn Jun, Min-Soo Lee, Jung Bum Kim, Hyeon Woo Yim, Yong Chon Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We aimed to examine the potential relationship between season of birth (SOB) and clinical characteristics in Korean patients with unipolar non-psychotic major depressive disorder (MDD). Using data from the Clinical Research Center for Depression (CRESCEND) study in South Korea, 891 MDD patients were divided into two groups, those born in spring/summer (n=457) and those born in autumn/winter (n=434). Measurement tools comprising the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale, Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale, Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale, Scale for Suicidal Ideation, Clinical Global Impression of severity, Social and Occupation Functional Assessment Scale, WHO Quality of Life assessment instrument-abbreviated version, Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test, and Temperament and Character Inventory were used to evaluate depression, anxiety, overall symptoms, suicidal ideation, global severity, social function, quality of life, drinking, and temperament and character, respectively. Using independent t-tests for continuous variables and χ2 tests for discrete variables, the clinical characteristics of the two groups were compared. MDD patients born in spring/summer were on average younger at onset of first depressive episode (t=2.084, p=0.038), had greater loss of concentration (χ2=4.589, p=0.032), and were more self-directed (t=2.256, p=0.025) than those born in autumn/winter. Clinically, there was a trend for the MDD patients born in spring/summer to display the contradictory characteristics of more severe clinical course and less illness burden; this may have been partly due to a paradoxical effect of the 5-HT system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)784-789
Number of pages6
JournalYonsei Medical Journal
Volume57
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 May 1

Keywords

  • Age at onset
  • Diminished concentration
  • Major depressive disorder (MDD)
  • Season of birth (SOB)
  • Self-directedness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Potential relationship between season of birth and clinical characteristics in major depressive disorder in Koreans: Results from the CRESCEND study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this