Potentiation of apomorphine effect on sildenafil-induced penile erection in conscious rabbits

Jae Young Park, Hwancheol Son, Soo Woong Kim, Jae Seung Paick

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8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aim: To investigate a possible potentiation effect of apomorphine (APO) on sildenafil-induced penile erection in the conscious rabbit. Methods: Erection of male New Zealand White rabbits (3.5 - 4.0 kg, n=12) was assessed by measuring the length of the uncovered penile mucosa and the duration of erection before and after intravenous administration of agents. After injection of APO (0, 0.05, 0.1 and 0.4 mg/kg), sildenafil was administered intravenously in a dose-response manner (0.5, 1 and 5 mg/kg). In additional experiments, the effect of increasing doses of sildenafil in combination with APO on systemic blood pressure was evaluated. Results: Systemic administration of sildenafil induced a dose-dependent increase in the penile length. Intravenous injection of APO alone did not produce any change in the penile length, while significantly enhanced the penile erection induced by sildenafil. The co-administration of 0.1 mg/kg of APO and 1 mg/kg of sildenafil was found to be the most effective combination in producing penile erection. Intravenous administration of sildenafil caused a concentration-dependent decrease in systemic blood pressure, but no additional decrease was observed with co-administration of APO. Conclusion: APO enhances the penile erection induced by sildenafil in the conscious rabbit without causing an additional decrease in blood pressure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)205-209
Number of pages5
JournalAsian Journal of Andrology
Volume6
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Sep 1
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Apomorphine
  • Combination therapy
  • Conscious rabbit
  • Penile erection
  • Sildenafil

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology
  • Endocrinology

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