Precarious employment associated with depressive symptoms and suicidal ideation in adult wage workers

Kyu Man Han, Jisoon Chang, Eunsoo Won, Min-Soo Lee, Byung-Joo Ham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background Precarious employment is one of the most important indicators of social disadvantage and is associated with poor mental health. This study aimed to investigate the association of precarious employment with depressive mood and suicidal ideation in adult wage workers, and the possible mediating or moderating effect of socioeconomic factors in the association between precarious work and mental health status. Method Data from the Fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES V) conducted between 2010 and 2012 were analyzed. Among the 24,173 participants, 6266 adult wage workers (3206 precarious and 3060 non-precarious workers) aged ≥19 years were included. Socioeconomic and health-related characteristics as well as depressive mood and suicidal ideation were investigated. Results Precarious employment was significantly associated with depressive mood in the logistic regression analyses adjusting for all potential confounding factors as covariates. The socioeconomic variables including age, gender, education level, marital status, household income, and occupation type were significantly related with depressive mood and suicidal ideation in adult wage workers. We also found that gender and household income had possible moderating effects on the association between precarious employment and suicidal ideation. Precarious work was associated with suicidal ideation only for male workers and worker with low or middle-lower income levels. Limitations Our study is based on a cross-sectional design, thus, we could not elucidate the causal relationship between the variables. Conclusions Our study suggested that precarious employment plays a pivotal role in the mental health status of adult wage workers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)201-209
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Affective Disorders
Volume218
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Aug 15

Keywords

  • Adult worker
  • Depression
  • Depressive mood
  • Mental health
  • Precarious employment
  • Suicidal ideation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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