Predicting course achievement of university students based on their procrastination behaviour on Moodle

Yeongwook Yang, Danial Hooshyar, Margus Pedaste, Minhong Wang, Yueh Min Huang, Heuiseok Lim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A significant amount of educational data mining (EDM) research consider students’ past performance or non-academic factors to build predictive models, paying less attention to students’ activity data. While procrastination has been found as a crucial indicator which negatively affects performance of students, no research has investigated this underlying factor in predicting achievement of students in online courses. In this study, we aim to predict students’ course achievement in Moodle through their procrastination behaviour using their homework submission data. We first build feature vectors of students’ procrastination tendencies by considering their active, inactive, and spare time for homework, along with homework grades. Accordingly, we then use clustering and classification methods to optimally sort and put students into various categories of course achievement. We use a Moodle course from the University of Tartu in Estonia which includes 242 students to assess the efficacy of our proposed approach. Our findings show that our approach successfully predicts course achievement for students through their procrastination behaviour with precision and accuracy of 87% and 84% with L-SVM outperforming other classification methods. Furthermore, we found that students who procrastinate more are less successful and are potentially going to do poorly in a course, leading to lower achievement in courses. Finally, our results show that it is viable to use a less complex approach that is easy to implement, interpret, and use by practitioners to predict students’ course achievement with a high accuracy, and possibly take remedial actions in the semester.

Original languageEnglish
JournalSoft Computing
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2020

Keywords

  • Educational data mining
  • Higher education
  • Moodle
  • Online learning
  • Predication of course achievement
  • Prediction of grade
  • Procrastination behavior

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Geometry and Topology

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